Graphical Display of the Federal Township and
Range System


The largest grouping is the township which is named in reference to a Principal Meridian (P.M.) and
a Baseline. T2N, R1E refers to Township 2 North (of the Baseline), Range 1 East (of the Principal Meridian).

Within each township are 36 sections, each one mile square. Each section contains 640 acres.
The sections are numbered from 1 to 36 in the following order.

Within each section, the land is refered to as half and quarter sections. A one-sixteenth division is called a
quarter of a quarter, as in the NE1/4 of the NW1/4. The descriptions are read from the smallest division to
the largest.

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